Trainings and Resources
15 Results (showing 1 - 10)
Results sorted by updated date (newest first)
Results sorted by updated date (newest first)
The National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine defines stigma as a range of negative attitudes, beliefs and behaviors that are associated with certain conditions such as addiction. Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), has been a leading voice in talking about the “chilling effect” stigma has on our ability to address substance use and addiction in our country. In an April 2020 perspective piece published in the New England Journal of Medicine and in her NIDA blog piece, Dr. Volkow explains how stigma can prevent people from seeking care and can even contribute to their continuing addiction. We encourage our visitors to read Dr. Volkow’s writings as well as to familiarize themselves with the efforts to reduce stigma led by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) including the NIH HEAL InitiativeSM, which has made addressing stigma a key element in their efforts to address opioid addiction.
Posted 10/14/2021 (updated 10/30/2021)
The workshop presented strategies to integrate HIV, hepatitis, and sexual health concerns into services for PWID. The session will focus on communication skills, assessment techniques, and building motivation among PWID to make healthier choices. Mr. Sacco looked at programmatic and clinical-level integration strategies and offered participants an opportunity to assess current service delivery models and develop a plan to enhance care. Mrs. Bell and Ms. Chavis intrdoduce participants to resources and funding opportunities available through HRSA’s HIV/AIDS Bureau (HAB).
Posted 7/7/2021 (updated 9/2/2021)
Background: Injecting drug users (IDUs) are at increased risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV and other bloodborne pathogens through the multi-person use of syringes. Although research has shown that increased access to syringes through syringe exchange programs (SEPs) is an effective strategy to reduce risky injection practices many areas of the United States still do not have SEPs. In the absence of SEPs, legislation allowing pharmacies over-the-counter sales of syringes has also been shown to reduce syringe sharing. The success of pharmacy sales however is limited by other legal stipulations, such as drug paraphernalia laws, which in turn may contribute to fear among IDUs about being caught purchasing and carrying syringes.
Posted 6/22/2021 (updated 9/2/2021)
In the United States, opioid overdose is an escalating public health issue resulting in untimely deaths. In Philadelphia, PA, the setting for this study, 907 overdose deaths occurred in 2016. Persons who inject drugs [PWIDs] often witness opioid overdoses. Towards this end, this thesis: examined reactions to opioid overdoses among PWIDs; investigated the diffusion and uptake of an Opioid Overdose Prevention Program [OOPP]; and assessed the study’s setting using the Risk Environment framework
Posted 6/2/2021 (updated 9/2/2021)
Immediately after experiencing a non-fatal overdose, many people who inject drugs (PWID) engage in harm-minimizing behavior change, including engagement in drug treatment. To inform the implementation of tailored interventions designed to facilitate drug treatment engagement in rural communities, we sought to identify correlates of starting any form of drug treatment after their most recent overdose among PWID who reside in a rural county in West Virginia.
Posted 5/26/2021 (updated 9/2/2021)
Posted 4/21/2021 (updated 9/2/2021)
The United States is in the midst of an unprecedented opioid epidemic. In order to implement effective population-level response strategies to this epidemic, health departments and community-based organizations must understand both the size and characteristics of the local population affected. Local data regarding the opioid epidemic are sparse and don’t fully characterize the population of those most affected, such as people who inject drugs (PWID). Without these data, it is difficult to know which epidemic response strategies are meeting the most pressing community needs and whether services are delivered at the appropriate scale. For these reasons, we developed this toolkit for population size estimation with specific emphasis on applying population estimation methods among PWID in rural communities.
Posted 3/25/2021 (updated 9/2/2021)
Integrating Health Promotion for People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) Into Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) Services The workshop will present strategies to integrate HIV, hepatitis, and sexual health concerns into services for PWID. The session will focus on communication skills, assessment techniques, and building motivation among PWID to make healthier choices. The presenter will look at programmatic and clinical-level integration strategies and offer participants an opportunity to assess current service delivery models and develop a plan to enhance care.
Posted 3/17/2021 (updated 9/2/2021)
Over the past decade, attempts to address the overdose crisis in the U.S. have resulted in more restrictive opioid prescribing policies—which, because they have reduced the overall availability of prescription opioids, have inadvertently led to a surge in the use of illicit drugs such as heroin. To reduce the risks posed by the use or sharing of unsterile equipment (disease and infection), state governments should consider facilitating the use of syringe services programs (SSPs), which distribute free, new, sterile syringes to PWID. Such programs also often offer other services, such as vaccinations and education on preventing overdoses, and have also been shown to improve the odds that PWID will seek and engage with treatment.
Posted 2/23/2021 (updated 9/2/2021)
Experiencing a nonfatal overdose (NFOD) is a significant risk factor for a subsequent nonfatal or fatal overdose. Overdose mortality rates in rural Appalachian states are some of the highest in the USA, but little is known about correlates of overdose among rural populations of people who inject drugs (PWID). Our study aimed to identify correlates of experiencing a recent (past 6 months) NFOD among rural PWID in Cabell County, West Virginia.