Treatment for opioid use disorder in jail reduces risk of return

Posted 2/24/2022 (updated 9/14/2022)

Almost two-thirds of people currently incarcerated in the U.S. have a substance use disorder. Many struggle with opioid addiction. Opioids include prescription pain relievers, heroin, and powerful synthetic versions such as fentanyl that are driving record numbers of overdose deaths.

  • Men in a rural jail who received medication to treat opioid use disorder had a reduced likelihood of being arrested or returning to jail or prison after release.
  • The results need to be replicated in larger, more diverse populations, but they suggest the promise of drug treatment in helping to reduce reincarceration.